I study the causes and consequences of citizen election monitoring and advocacy groups around the world. Election watchdogs are seen by scholars and practitioners alike as a partial remedy to electoral malpractice. At least half of elections globally are monitored by such groups and large sums of international aid spent on them. Yet we know little about their impacts or when and why citizens organize to safeguard elections in the first instance.
I draw on concepts from public policy to theorize citizen observers’ role as agenda setters and frame sponsors, shaping the public debate about electoral integrity, and advocating for electoral reform.
- 2017 ‘Domestic Election Monitoring and Advocacy: An Emerging Research Agenda’. Nordic Journal of Human Rights, 35(4)407-423.
- 2017 ‘Domestic monitors’ In Election Watchdogs: Transparency, Accountability and Integrity, edited by Pippa Norris and Alessandro Nai. New York: Oxford University Press.
Projects and working papers
(please email me for copies)
- ‘Deterrence, norms, or reforms? Mapping the strategic goals and tactics of domestic election monitors’
- ‘Policy lobbying success and failure of domestic election monitors in four ‘new’ democracies’, with Carolien van Ham.