Scholars and practitioners alike increasingly see domestic election monitoring groups to be a partial remedy to electoral malpractice. At least half of elections globally are monitored by such groups and large sums of international aid spent on them. A small but growing empirical research literature examines the impact of domestic observers on electoral integrity. Yet, these studies focus mainly on election-day deterrence effects. I draw on political communication concepts and interest groups studies to theorize citizen observers’ role as agenda setters and frame sponsors, shaping the public debate about electoral integrity, and advocating for electoral reform.
- 2017 ‘Domestic monitors’ In Election Watchdogs: Transparency, Accountability and Integrity, edited by Pippa Norris and Alessandro Nai. New York: Oxford University Press.
Projects and working papers
- ‘Policy lobbying success and failure of domestic election monitors in four ‘new’ democracies’, with Carolien van Ham.